Software development is a pursuit characterized by complexity. This can take many forms, such as accommodating
complex requirements, technology, or team dynamics. Elevating the level of abstraction helps you manage this complexity
and make measurable progress, despite the inherent difficulty of the task.
Suggestions for several strategies that help abstract away complexity follow.
Patterns help you take advantage of proven techniques for solving common problems. You can benefit from the experience
of seasoned practitioners and avoid "re-inventing the wheel," as the saying goes. The use of patterns is a crucial
aspect of an architecture-centric approach to development, because it helps reduce the novelty and diversity of a
solution, thus improves quality.
See Concept: Pattern for more information.
Design the architecture with components and services
This strategy helps manage software complexity through partitioning a system into a set of loosely coupled
and highly cohesive components. The benefits of this approach include the ability to organize the team around a set of
smaller, more manageable objectives, and the ability to substitute parts of the system without disturbing the overall
cohesion of the system. Exposing services encourages re-use by making the functionality of the system easier to
comprehend. Focusing on services makes it possible to understand what the system does from a technical perspective
without necessarily having to understand the details of how the system works.
See Concept: Component for more information.
Actively promote reuse
Incorporating existing software into an overall architecture helps reduce cost and improve quality by reusing proven
working software, rather than developing from scratch. It also helps reduce the burden of maintenance by eliminating
duplication in the software. Although often difficult to manage, a project or enterprise can reap significant benefits
from a well-executed re-use strategy.
See Guideline: Software Reuse for more information.
Model key perspectives
Modeling helps raise the level of abstraction because you simplify complex ideas and represent them visually, as
illustrations. Good models can convey information that helps the team visualize, specify, construct, and document
For more information, see Guideline: Using Visual Modeling.